Generally, victims of road traffic accidents and stroke are kept in an Intensive Care Unit and are connected to a ventilator as a part of life-saving intensive care treatment. Despite providing the best care, some of these patients cannot recover due to irreversible injury to the brain and are declared as brain dead. As they are connected to a ventilator, the heart of brain dead patients may continue to beat for about 2-3 days and the vital organs like liver, kidneys, heart, lungs will be functional due to blood/oxygen with the help of ventilator artificially. The family members are informed about the patient’s irreversible condition and the patient is declared brain dead.
Brain dead patient looks unconscious, is warm to touch, he/she appears to breathe due to the support of the ventilator. The family finds it difficult to understand the concept of brain death when this tragic situation is explained to them. If the family members consent to donate his/her organs, then this is called deceased organ donation. Once the organs are harvested, the body is handed over to the family members. These harvested organs are transplanted to the patients that are suffering from organ failure. This distribution of organs is done by the respective state government authorities as per the guidelines.